Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)'s image
Created: 2017-02-08 15:00
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: As hair is considered to be part of a person's essence, it is forbidden to step over hair even if it is cut and lying on the ground. It is also prohibited to wash or comb one's hair in the evening or have one's hair cut on an inauspicious day. Toddlers have their first haircut when they are 1. The ritual of the first haircut, called ungn us khyachlkh or dyak avlgn, is initiated by the child's maternal uncle who cuts off the first lock. During this ritual, the handles of the scissors have to be bound with a red thread, which symbolizes the perpetuation of the vital power of the child's original hair. Boys are supposed to be left with five locks: one on either side of the head, one on the crown, one on the forehead, and one at the back of the head.

Female hairstyles, by contrast, are rather simple. Traditionally, girls had a single braid. After marriage, they divided their hair into two braids.
 

Media items

This collection contains 14 media items.

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Media items

Bulyash Chumudova, About Boys' and Men's Hair Styles

   28 views

In the past when boys had their hair cut, five locks were left on their head: one on the top, one on the forehead, one on each temple and one at the back of the head. It was a man...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 16 Jun 2015


Bulyash Chumudova, About Women's Haircuts

   34 views

In this interview Bulyash talks about traditional ideas and beliefs connected with haircuts and hairstyles.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 16 Jun 2015


Galina Suikieva, About the Ritual of the First Haircut

   15 views

Galina says that according to Kalmyk tradition a child has his/her first hair cut at the age of one. It is the child’s maternal uncle who has to cut. A small bundle of the hair is...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 29 Mar 2016


Gerel Shakeeva, About Hair

   11 views

In her childhood Gerel had thick, long hair. Her grandmother combed it while reading mantras. Women had long hair, because they were supposed to be ‘close to earth’. The Kalmyks...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 28 Sep 2016


Gerel Shakeeva, About the First Haircut

   19 views

Gerel talks about her son’s first haircut. Gerel’s brother first cut the boy’s hair from four sides – this hair is kept today at Gerel’s mother-in-law’s house – and then shaved...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 28 Sep 2016


Konstantin Naktanov, About the First Haircut

   16 views

In this short interview Konstantin talks about the ritual of the first haircut among the Kalmyks.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 14 Jun 2016


Larisa Shoglyaeva, Kalmyk Hairstyles

   23 views

In this short interview Larisa talks about hairstyles.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 2 Feb 2017


Namdzhl Putaeva, About Hair Care in the Past

   13 views

Namdzhl says that in the past people did not cut their hair. Her sister still has a long braid. Namdzhl herself had a long braid too. People washed their hair with cottage cheese,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 7 Apr 2017


Polina Fedorova, About Girls' and Women's Hairstyles

   20 views

Polina talks about several topics, including the differences between girls’ and married women’s hairstyles, rituals performed on the bride’s hair during a wedding, and about some...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 31 May 2016


Polina Fedorova, About Men's Hairstyles

   20 views

Polina says that Kalmyk men had long hair until the mid-19th century. When she was a child, men, however, had short haircuts. She says men did not spend much time in front of the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HAIRSTYLES)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 1 Jun 2016