Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Created: 2016-03-09 16:09
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: Wood is essential material for producing implements that sustain the livelihood of nomadic Kalmyks, including the wooden framework of the yurt, furniture (beds, trunks, chests and tables), containers, utensils, saddles, whips, tobacco pipes, musical instruments, toys and many others. Types of wood used by Kalmyk carpenters included pine, plywood, maple, alder, oak, birch, hazel, and elm. The main techniques employed were carving, cutting, and turning on a lathe when producing goods round in shape, such as cups and containers.
Many wooden items, especially those deemed valuable or socially significant, were often decorated with ornaments made of silver, gold, or copper plate, including saddles, cups, plates, tobacco pipes, and domestic furniture. For example, in the past tobacco pipes, which were made of maple and oak, were not only indispensable for every person, men and women alike, but also carried an element of prestige, if they were refined and decorated.
To render items durable, Kalmyks employed several techniques. For example, newly carved cups, tubs, buckets, and plates were first boiled in water, then cleaned with a felt cloth, applied with animal oil, and kept wrapped in a felt cloth for about 10 days. Afterwards, animal oil was applied once more and the items were dried in the sun. Items processed in this way were known not only for their durability but were often passed from one generation to the next.
 

Media items

This collection contains 9 media items.

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Media items

Aleksandr Koshevoi, Tobacco Pipe

   6 views

Aleksandr says that the Kalmyks learnt to smoke from the Chinese. The Kalmyk pipe is made from the wood of fruit bearing trees such as the apricot, pear and cherry trees. Its...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 9 Mar 2016


Viktor Dordzhiev, About the Craftsmanship of the Kalmyks

   10 views

Viktor says that in the past Kalmyks could produce everything that was used in nomadic life. He draws attention to the importance of setting up children’s studios to teach...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 28 Apr 2016


Viktor Dordzhiev, Bone Carving: Chess

   6 views

Viktor has been playing chess since childhood. He can carve chess pieces in 10 different ways or styles. The chess pieces that he shows in this video have been carved in a...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 28 Apr 2016


Viktor Dordzhiev, Bone Carving: Statues, Figures and Chests

   5 views

In the beginning when Viktor was learning carving skills, he mainly used cow or pig bones. In high school he used a mammoth tusk for his carvings. His first works made from a...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 28 Apr 2016


Vladimir Byurchiev, Horn Carving and Processing

   34 views

Vladimir teaches bone and horn carving in a secondary school in Adyk village. He learnt this traditional craft from Viktor Sataev. The most widespread type of horns used in...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CARPENTRY and BONE CARVING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 9 Mar 2017