Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Created: 2015-04-05 23:28
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: The Kalmyks have a remarkable military history, which is bound inseparably with that of Russia. The movement of Oirat tribes, the ancestors of the Kalmyks, from Dzungaria to what is today Kalmykia was gradual, stretching out over half a century and involving military confrontations with various tribes on their way. In the first half of the 17th century by their first treaties with the Muscovites, the Kalmyk lords obliged to participate in Russia’s military campaigns and defend its territory. Following the integration of the Kalmyk territory with Russia and the subsequent abolishment of the Kalmyk Khanate (1630-1771), their military tradition was carried on by newly formed Kalmyk Cossack regiments, which were part of wider Cossack military communities of the Don, Ural, Astrakhan, Stavropol, Orenburg and others. The Kalmyk Cossacks lived separately from the rest of the Kalmyks until the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Having a hereditary right to serve in the Cossack regiments, Kalmyk Cossacks and their families had become not only sedentarised and bilingual but also developed their unique cultural practices and beliefs. Following the Bolshevik Revolution the Cossack regiments were disbanded across Russia only to be reinstated in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet Union. Today in Kalmykia there are around 30,000 registered Kalmyk Cossacks attached to 5 Cossack okrugs (districts).
Here you can watch videos, read essays and listen to stories about Kalmyk military history, military heroes, beliefs, rituals and many others.
 

Media items

This collection contains 36 media items.

Showing results 1-20 of 36    < Prev    1 2    Next >
  •  

Media items

Anatoliy Safinov, Gakhaev and Amursanan

   34 views

Anatoliy says that he heard from others that Gakhaev was from Iki Derbet ulus originally. When he was young he was sent to study in Stavropol’. In the past, gifted boys were sent...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 23 Aug 2017


Arltan Baskhaev, A Brief Military History of the Kalmyk

   16 views

The integration of the Oirat/Kalmyks with the Russian state commenced at the beginning of the 17th century. Prior to this, they lived in south Siberia and in the 1620s came to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 20 Feb 2016


Arltan Baskhaev, Military Legends

   9 views

According to a legend about Chimid Baatr, he saved Russian prisoners from Nekrasov’s Cossacks who were intending to sell them as slaves in Crimea. After rescuing the Russians,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 20 Feb 2016


Bembya Fedorov, About Chonkush Ovtsadykov

   14 views

Chonkush Ovtsadykov was born in 1876. He had two siblings. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-05. During the war one day he was out scouting along with 11 other...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 30 Jan 2017


Keemia Orlova, About Old Books and Texts in Kalmykia and Western Mongolia

   8 views

In 2005 Keemia published a brochure about manuscripts written in Oirat and Mongol scripts that are kept in the archives in Kalmykia. The Kalmyk scholar Delyash Muzraeva, who...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sun 26 Feb 2017


Konstantin Naktanov, The History of Kalmyks

   19 views

Konstantin is a Torghut, of the Keryad clan. He was born in Lagan’, Kalmykia. He is a lawyer and a colonel in the police. He travelled to Mongolia and Xinjiang where he talked to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 14 Jun 2016


Ksenia Konchieva, About Ubashi Khan and the 1771 Exodus

   77 views

After returning from Siberian exile in 1957, our elders decided to perform a ritual for the land of Ubashi Khan, the land where we live today. It was barren in the past, for...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 25 May 2015


Lyubov' Kekeeva, The History of the Zyungar Regiment of Yashkul'

   29 views

I heard this story from my auntie Anna Dordzhievna. In the past our ancestors asked the Russian empress Ekaterina to resettle them, which she did by sending them to the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 20 Jun 2015


Mergen Ulanov, The Role of the Oirats in Spreading Gelug

   2 views

Mergen says that of all schools of Buddhism, Gelug was the most open to the masses. Whilst other schools, which were more closed, did not send out missionaries, Gelug pursued this...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 2 Jun 2018


Mergen Ulanov, Why Did the Kalmyks Come to the Volga?

   1 view

Mergen says that there are oral stories saying that the Kalmyks came to the Volga in search of Maitreya Buddha, based on a prophecy that this Buddha would come from the west....

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 2 Jun 2018


Mikhail Erentsenov, About Veterans of WW Two

   11 views

Mikhail recalls how in his childhood war veterans gathered in his house. All of them died quickly one by one.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HISTORY)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 3 Sep 2018


[Results 1-20 of 36]    < Prev    1 2    Next >