Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Created: 2015-03-31 15:15
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: The Kalmyks have been acquainted with fishing for a long time. Not a key branch of the traditional economy, this occupation was usually undertaken by impoverished Kalmyks who had lost their livestock and were in need of other sources of income. By the eighteenth century, however, work migration to the lower Volga began to take on a mass character. At the fisheries the Kalmyks did two types of work. Those who were employed as fishermen went to the sea in groups of three or four on small boats called ongts. They used nets of various designs, including drift net (golm) and fyke net (tyavdg golm), as well as fishing rods (gahul'). Other Kalmyks were employed on land to cut, wash, clean, salt, and dry fish. At the turn of the nineteenth century fisheries had become the major source of employment for many Kalmyks living along the banks of the Volga and the Caspian Sea. Depending upon their financial situation, Kalmyks engaged in fishing could be divided into three groups - free, contracted, and hired fishermen. In the Soviet period, the Kalmyk fisheries constituted a state-supported enterprise.
 

Media items

This collection contains 7 media items.

  •  

Media items

Anatoliy Safinov, About Fishing

   12 views

Anatoliy talks about his father-in-law who was a fisherman who could make and fix fishing nets. His father-in-law was a respected man, a diligent worker, and was often invited to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sun 27 Sep 2015


Harvan Sundetov, The Fishery

   29 views

Harvan is a fisherman. His father and grandfather also worked in this trade. Harvan has been fishing since he was 18. He worked in a sovkhoz called Krasnyi Moryak (Red Sailor)....

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 20 May 2015


Konstantin Naktanov, About Fishing

   24 views

In the past, in Lagan’ the Kalmyks lived in small aimaks, including the Tsoomg, Tsyadr, Khar-Khol et. The Kalmyks went fishing on big boats to the Caspian sea and transported the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 7 Jun 2016