Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)'s image
Created: 2015-03-31 15:15
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: The Kalmyks have been acquainted with fishing for a long time. Not a key branch of the traditional economy, this occupation was usually undertaken by impoverished Kalmyks who had lost their livestock and were in need of other sources of income. By the eighteenth century, however, work migration to the lower Volga began to take on a mass character. At the fisheries the Kalmyks did two types of work. Those who were employed as fishermen went to the sea in groups of three or four on small boats called ongts. They used nets of various designs, including drift net (golm) and fyke net (tyavdg golm), as well as fishing rods (gahul'). Other Kalmyks were employed on land to cut, wash, clean, salt, and dry fish. At the turn of the nineteenth century fisheries had become the major source of employment for many Kalmyks living along the banks of the Volga and the Caspian Sea. Depending upon their financial situation, Kalmyks engaged in fishing could be divided into three groups - free, contracted, and hired fishermen. In the Soviet period, the Kalmyk fisheries constituted a state-supported enterprise.
 

Media items

This collection contains 11 media items.

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Media items

Anatoliy Safinov, About Fishing

   16 views

Anatoliy talks about his father-in-law who was a fisherman who could make and fix fishing nets. His father-in-law was a respected man, a diligent worker, and was often invited to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sun 27 Sep 2015


Baatr Bastaev, About Rituals Performed by Fishermen

   14 views

Baatr says he participated in a ritual of worshipping the spiritual masters of water. Before the opening of a fishing season, the fishermen perform this ritual in which a raft is...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 26 Aug 2017


Galina Tserenova, About Fishing and Fish Dishes

   29 views

Galina talks about fish varieties that people from her native village caught and about fish dishes.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 7 Apr 2017


Harvan Sundetov, The Fishery

   34 views

Harvan is a fisherman. His father and grandfather also worked in this trade. Harvan has been fishing since he was 18. He worked in a sovkhoz called Krasnyi Moryak (Red Sailor)....

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 20 May 2015


Konstantin Naktanov, About Fishing

   35 views

In the past, in Lagan’ the Kalmyks lived in small aimaks, including the Tsoomg, Tsyadr, Khar-Khol et. The Kalmyks went fishing on big boats to the Caspian sea and transported the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 7 Jun 2016


Sangadji Tarbaev, About the Village of Dzhalykovo

   12 views

Sangadzhi reminisces about his uncle who used to go fishing in the Caspian Sea. His uncle’s house in the village of Dzhalykovo always smelled of fish. Their food included black...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FISHING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 5 Sep 2017