Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)'s image
Created: 2014-09-16 17:58
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: In Kalmyk culture the father represents the whole family and takes all-important decisions. The mother's role is to look after the household, bare, and bring up children. Being at the bottom of the family hierarchy, the children are supposed to obey their parents and support them in their old age. Children, especially young ones, are not supposed to participate in the conversations of elders and are taught to do household chores from an early age.
Relatives on the father's side (avgnr) enjoy special privileges and respect, which is reflected in their treatment and roles. For example, during celebrations they sit on the most prestigious seats, are the first to be given gifts as well as the right to utter the first well-wishes. Important decisions relating to the clan, including the performance of various clan rituals, weddings etc., are, as a rule, made by these relatives. Also, out of respect, the bride is not supposed to utter the names of her husband's paternal relatives. Instead, she has to find name substitutes or nick-names when addressing them. This name-calling prohibition, also known as hadmnh, is part of a wider tradition of name-tabooing. Paternal relatives are also expected to be more formal, demanding, and businesslike. In contrast, relatives on the mother's side (nagtsnr) are viewed as more forgiving and easy-going, which reflects traditional ideas about 'maternity' and 'femininity'. Their influence on clan-related matters is supposed to be only implicit.
On this page you can watch videos and listen to stories of how Kalmyks educate their children, venerate their elders, kinsfolk, and ancestors.
 

Media items

This collection contains 21 media items.

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Media items

Alena Lidzhieva, About Traditional Education

   23 views

Alena says that in her youth she could not go out freely. In general, children had to ask their parents for permission. Alena grew up without a mother. Alena’s father never...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 12 Jun 2015


Bulyash Chumudova, Respect for Elders

   15 views

Bulyash says that in the past Kalmyks addressed different people differently, depending on their gender, age and the degree of kinship. She also says that the young people...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 13 Mar 2018


Ekaterina Dorzhieva, Respect for Older People

   18 views

Some people commemorate their diseased relatives a year, two, three, five, or even 15 years after their death. I am already in my 70s. I live with my husband. Our parents passed...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 13 Mar 2018


Galina Mandzhieva, About the Aavikhn Clan, Its Land and My Father

   15 views

In this interview Galina talks about the Aavikhn clan, its land, and about his father who was from the Bootkhud clan.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 15 Mar 2018


Galina Tikeeva, My Respect for My Ancestors

   9 views

Galina says the following: I do not know much about my ancestors, but my mother used to say to me: ‘You have many ancestors. Commemorate them once or twice a year. Book well...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 13 Mar 2018


Galina Yavanova, About Communal Spirit and Respect for Older People

   8 views

Galina says that when she was a child in her village people helped each other and respected older people.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 13 Mar 2018


Irina Lidzhieva, About Learning From Elders

   18 views

Irina recalls that when she was young, old men always emphasized the importance of daily prayers. Hence, Irina prays every morning as soon as she gets up. She prays for the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 19 Jun 2015


Ivan Modunkaev, My Mother

   9 views

Ivan reminisces about his mother whom he loved dearly.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (FAMILY STRUCTURE AND RESPECT OF KIN)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 20 May 2015


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