Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)'s image
Created: 2014-09-11 17:34
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: The heroic epos Jangar, known for centuries across Eurasia, is a unique epic creation of the Mongolian peoples. There exist three national versions of the epos, one among the Kalmyks (in Russia), another among the Western Mongols (in Outer Mongolia) and the third among the Oirats of Xinjiang ( in China). Jangar was also known among the Buryats, the Altai people, the Tuvanians and the Karakol Kalmyks of Issyk-Kul' region in Kirgyzstan.
The main idea of Jangar consists of praising the idealised country of Bumba, a land of prosperity, immortality and wellbeing, as well as praising peace and consolidation of heroes around Jangar khan, who is a guarantor of stability, security and independence. The epic heroes fight in the name of bringing about and protecting their state, where equality among people is proclaimed, where there are neither national nor social differences, where democracy and consensus reign, and where the interest of the state prevails over individual ones.
The Kalmyk version of the epos Jangar consists of 26 original songs, with more than 40,000 lines. The preservation of the epos, its compositional unity, as well as the perfection of its poetic form became possible thanks to Jangar-tellers, who sang Jangar in accordance with the centuries old tradition.
Today the oral epic tradition is visibly declining. This tendency came to the fore in the 1980s and the 1990s following the death of the last Jangar-tellers, who had learned the epos from their teachers by means of oral transmission.
During perestroika and the democratic reforms in Russia, interest has increased among the Kalmyk youth in the cultural heritage of their ancestors, in particular, in the epos Jangar and Jangar-telling skills. Targeted programmes have been implemented to preserve, develop and to study this epos. Jangar began to be taught in schools as well. Today it is performed at festivals, during folk holidays, official occasions and weddings. In the Kalmyk epic tradition there are two Jangar-telling schools differing by style of performance and repertoire: Eelyan Ovla and the Shavalin Dava schools. At present among the followers of the Eelyan Ovla tradition are Vladimir Karuev, Dordzhi Nandyshev, Baatr Mandzhiev, Oleg Kalykov, Oleg Mankuev and Kutlan Mukobenov. Representatives of the Shavalin Dava Jagar-telling tradition are Andrei Erdni-Goryaev, Baatr Lidzhi-Goryaev, Dmitry Sharaev and others.
 

Media items

This collection contains 37 media items.

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Media items

Amur-Sanan Kenzeev, Namdzhil Boldyrev, Danzan Basanov, Jangar

   17 views

Amur-Sanan, Namdzhil, and Danzan perform a piece from the epos Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 8 Aug 2017


Anatoliy Dzhudzhiev, Buddhism and the Heroic Epic Jangar

   10 views

Anatoliy says that the heroic epic Jangar originates in Buddhism and is a hidden Tantric teaching. He relays a legend. Once upon a time, a man who had recently died returns to his...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 27 May 2020


Anatoliy Sangadzhi-Goryaev, Jangar

   30 views

Anatoliy recites a ‘praise to Jangar’ with which the epos begins.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 19 May 2015


Andrei Ochir-Goryaev, Battle Between Khongor and Mangna Khan

   29 views

Andrei recites from the song about the battle between Khongor and Mangna Khan.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 19 May 2015


Andrei Ochir-Goryaev, Sanan Kogaev, Jangar

   14 views

Andrei and his grandson Sanan recite from the epos Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 8 Aug 2017


Baatr Mandzhiev and his disciples, Introduction

   37 views

Baatr and his disciples recite from the Introduction part of the epos Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 19 May 2015


Baatr Mandzhiev and his disciples, Praise to the Land of Bumba

   25 views

Baatr and his disciples sing praise to the land of Bumba.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 19 May 2015


Baatr Mandzhiev, The Victory of the Noble Shovshur over Shara Gyurgyu Mangas Khan

   31 views

Baatr recites on the dombra instrument a piece from the song about the victory of the noble Shovshur over Shara Gyurgyu Mangas Khan.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 19 May 2015


Baira Goryaeva, About the Difference Between a Fairy Tale and an Epos

   5 views

Baira says that the concepts of ‘epic time’ and ‘fairy tale time’ are different. Such Russian scholars as S. G. Lazutin, S.Yu. Neklyudov, E.M. Meletinsky and V.Ya. Propp wrote...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 19 Sep 2018


Danzan Basanov, Jangar

   10 views

Danzan recites a piece from the epos Jangar on the dombra instrument.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 8 Aug 2017


Dordzhi Nandyshev, Chapter About the Subjugation of Altan Cheedzhi by Jangar

   43 views

Dordzhi recites on the dombra instrument from the song about the subjugation of Altan Cheedzhi by Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 20 May 2015


Dordzhi Nandyshev, Jangar

   11 views

Dordzhi performs a song from the heroic epic Jangar. This song is about how Alya Monkhlya, who is the son of Duuchi and grandson of Duktukhula, steals 18,000 horses from Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 8 Aug 2017


Galina Mandzhieva, Jangar

   24 views

Galina sings a song about Jangar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (EPOS JANGAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 20 May 2015


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