Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Created: 2014-09-11 16:15
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: Today Kalmyks pronounce this holiday in two ways: Ur or Urs Sar. It is celebrated in the first month of summer according to the lunar calendar. In the past, this holiday had less religious significance and clergy, as a rule, sufficed with reading short prayers and blessing livestock. Nomads, however, celebrated it widely by staging a horse race, taming horses and wrestling.

Almost forgotten in the Soviet period, Ur(s) Sar has been revived as a holiday to celebrate the spiritual achievements of the Buddha Shakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism. Hence, during this holiday people try to follow Buddha’s teachings by performing good deeds. The culmination of the month falls on the 15th day, when people celebrate the birth, enlightenment and departure of the Buddha to nirvana.

During the entire holiday Kalmyks put up images of deities and decorate their dwellings with religious banners and leafy branches. Buddhist monks purify the earth and cattle by sprinkling them with a mixture of butter and milk. In their prayers Kalmyks include various Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and a local deity called Tsagan Aav (White Old Man). Besides Buddhist rituals, people also perform pre-Buddhist rites involving sacrifice to the spiritual masters of land and water.
 

Media items

This collection contains 14 media items.

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Media items

Baatr Mandzhiev, About Ur Sar

   19 views

Ur Sar is celebrated when spring ends and summer begins. The celebration includes singing, dancing and various competitions, such as wrestling, horse racing, and catching horses...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 23 May 2015


Batyr Elistaev, About Rituals to Appease Local Deities and Ur Sar

   40 views

Lama Batyr talks about how people in his village of Orgakin perform various rituals to appease local deities. He describes three such rituals.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 21 Mar 2018


Bosya Ochirova, About Ur Sar

   15 views

Bosya talks about Ur Sar.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 23 May 2015


Galina Mandzhieva, About Ur Sar

   20 views

Ur Sar coincides with a time when plants grow and the nomads move their livestock to their summer pasture land. In the past, before the Bolshevik Revolution, four animals,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 25 Sep 2015


Garya Naminov, Ur Sar and the Ritual of Offering to Ancestors

   7 views

Garya says that in his childhood people who were fasting celebrated Ur Sar in a special way. Such fasting people, who were usually elderly, prepared a special dish from sour...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 16 Jun 2015


Ivan Modunkaev, Ur Sar

   10 views

In May plants and trees grow. During Ur Sar which is celebrated in May people bless their land. They give fire offerings to their ancestors so that everyone lives happily. Kalmyk...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 23 May 2015


Larisa Kandueva, Ur Sar

   11 views

Larisa talks about how the Kalmyks celebrated Ur Sar.
At the beginning of the month of Ur Sar the Kalmyks did the following. They separated their young sheep from the old ones,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 30 May 2015


Larisa Shoglyaeva, About Ur Sar and Tsagan Sar

   15 views

Larisa talks about how Ur Sar and Tsagan Sar are celebrated in her village of Orgakin.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 3 Feb 2017


Maria Kamandzhaeva, How to Celebrate Ur Sar

   16 views

Maria says that historically the Kalmyks celebrated Ur Sar at the end of May or at the beginning of June, a time when spring ends and summer begins. It is also when livestock...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 21 Sep 2016


Olzyata Badmaeva, Ur Sar

   4 views

Olzyata says that during Ur Sar people pray to gods and ask for various things, including happiness and prosperity for themselves and their relatives, forgiveness if someone...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 23 May 2015


Svetlana Batyreva, About Traditional Holidays

   3 views

Svetlana talks about Ur Sar and Zul.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 3 Sep 2018


Ubush Darzhinov, Ur Sar

   23 views

Ubush says that people take vows during Ur Sar. He relays a story of a guy who took a vow to abstain from alcohol, but violated it by drinking beer. He started to have nightmares...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 25 Mar 2017


Zurgada Antonova, Ur Sar

   26 views

Zurgada reminisces how Ur Sar was celebrated in her childhood.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (UR SAR)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 1 Aug 2017