Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)'s image
Created: 2014-09-02 16:33
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: Although separated territorially from the rest of the Mongolian world, contemporary Kalmyks continue to practice customs common among other Mongolian groups, including various rituals that preserve and perpetuate kinship links. The main aim of clan rituals is to preserve and consolidate kinship groups not only by worshiping the clan or local deities, appeasing ancestors, and cleansing native land but also by engaging all clan or family members in the ritual. Clan rituals are often performed by inviting a Buddhist monk or a ritual specialist (medlgch) who reads mantras, prayers, and gives advice.
 

Media items

This collection contains 65 media items.

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Media items

Ritual of Offering to the Deities of Water

   86 views

Traditional customs that regulate everyday life and religious practices have had an important place in the spiritual culture of the Kalmyks. Among such customs are pre-Buddhist...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 22 Apr 2015


Vasiliy Mandzhiev, About the Ritual of Making Offerings to the Deities of Water

   32 views

Vasiliy talks about a ritual performed by fishermen before going fishing:

On the shores we kill a sacrificial sheep. The head of the sheep is put on a raft made from the vine...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 10 May 2019


Bulyash Chumudova, About a Ritual to Purify One's House

   20 views

Bulyash talks about a ritual to cleanse one’s place of habitation:

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 25 May 2015


Gal Tyalgn at the Orgakin Temple

   31 views

This video begins with the abbot of the Orgakin Temple, Batyr Elistaev, reading prayers inside his temple. Afterwards, Batyr tells the laity about the ‘month of gal tyalgn’ when...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 27 May 2015


Gal Tyalgn, the Ritual of Offering to Protecting Spirits

   64 views

In this video the ritual of gal tyalgn is performed by the members of the Taltakhn clan in the village of Tsagan Nur, Kalmykia. A Buddhist monk is in charge of the whole ritual.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 9 May 2015


Tatyana Matsakova, About Fire

   20 views

Tatyana talks about the importance of fire in Kalmyk culture:

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 1 Aug 2017


Anna Sangadzhi-Goryaeva, Gal Tyalgn

   18 views

Anna says that gal tyalgn, or worship to fire, is a special ritual where a sheep is sacrificed. The following parts of a sheep are used at this ritual: a sheep’s head covered with...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 21 Oct 2016


Anna Sangadzhi-Goryaeva, Worship of the Land

   16 views

This ritual is usually performed in the spring during Ur Sar, a time when grass appears and livestock breeds. Its purpose is to bring rain and success. This ritual is performed in...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 21 Oct 2016


Ekaterina Dorzhieva, Kishg Durdh

   25 views

Ekaterina talks about a funerary ritual:

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 8 May 2015


Galina Mandzhieva, About Gal Tyalgn in the Soviet Period

   30 views

Galina says that her father conducted this ritual in October. He slaughtered a sheep in the traditional way without spilling its blood on the ground. Then he lit a fire in the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 24 Sep 2015


Galina Suikieva, About the Ritual of Worship of the Masters of Water and Land

   57 views

Galina says that gazar-usn takilgn (a ritual of worshiping land and water) is performed on various occasions, such as when it does not rain for a long time or when one’s livestock...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sun 12 Mar 2017


Galina Tserenova, About Gal Tyalgn

   57 views

Galina talks about how people in her village perform the ritual of gal tyalgn (fire ritual):

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 7 Apr 2017


Khargchin Koldzhieva, A Prayer Uttered During the Ovoo Worship

   17 views

Khargchin utters a prayer recited during an ovoo ritual or worship:

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 9 Feb 2017


Khargchin Koldzhieva, About Gal Tyalgn

   19 views

Khargchin says that during this ritual people put ‘clean’ meat, fat, butter, and milk into the fire. Except for pork, any meat can be used for this purpose. While putting these...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Thu 9 Feb 2017


Konstantin Naktanov, About Various Rituals

   20 views

Konstantin talks about the rituals of gal tyalgn (fire worship), gazr tyaklgn (worship of land) and us tyaklgn (worship of water):

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 10 May 2019


Larisa Shoglyaeva, About Clan Rituals and the Hill of Kermen Tolga

   16 views

Larisa talks about the ritual of gal tyalgn that was performed on a hill called Ova Kermen in the village of Orgakin in Iki-Burul'sky rayon of Kalmykia. The hill was named after a...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 4 Feb 2017


Larisa Shoglyaeva, About Rain-Making Rituals

   14 views

This particular ritual is performed in Dzhidzhatn, a holy place where a famous monk was buried. Many people go there to leave hii mor' flags and ribbons with the colours of their...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (CLAN RITUALS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 4 Feb 2017


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