The Nature of High Reynolds Number Turbulence
|Institution:||Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences|
|Description:||Turbulence is a notoriously difficult subject. Our attempts to understand it tend to consist of an uneasy mix of plausible but uncertain hypotheses, deterministic but highly simplified cartoons, and vast, complex data sets.
For the small scales in turbulence this mixture of hypothesis, theory and experiment is given some unity by the phenomenological picture established by Richardson, Taylor and Kolmogorov. This phenomenology paints a picture of cascades of energy and information from large-scale eddies down to small, and of universal features of these cascades, provided the Reynolds numbers is large enough. In some sense this vision has worked well, providing a convenient conceptual framework within which many empirical observations can be rationalised. However, it was clear from the outset that this was too simplistic a point of view and half a century later there remain many fundamental unanswered questions. For example, exactly what do we mean by an eddy or a cascade, and how should we interpret cascade-like arguments in terms of the evolving morphology of the vorticity field? Indeed, what is the spatial structure of the vorticity field and how does this relate to the observed energy spectra?
Read more at: http://www.newton.ac.uk/programmes/HRT/
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