Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)'s image
Created: 2015-11-13 15:03
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: Omens can be understood as signs of an immediate future occurrence or of things to come. Divided into bad (mu yor) and good (syan yor), omens not only reflect the Kalmyk nomadic lifestyle, traditions, beliefs, and the history of the people, but also regulate the daily activities of individuals through traditional rules and prohibitions. Many omens and signs are based on observations of the behaviour of various animals and natural phenomena such as the wind, the snow, etc. When animals behave in unusual or annoying ways – for example, when a dog barks and whines at the same time – usually it is interpreted as a bad omen. It is also regarded as a bad sign when it is windy in early spring or raining at the beginning of winter. Social occasions and rituals are also often imbued with prophetic significance for those who witness or encounter them. For example, seeing a wedding party is believed to bring good luck to the beholder. Apart from mobile signs (a dog barking, the wind blowing, a wedding party proceeding), static objects and patterns are also imbued with symbolic significance. If someone has a mole close to their mouth, it is interpreted that that person will be prosperous.

On this page, you can watch videos about signs, omens, dreams, numbers, characteristics of people and things etc. that many traditional Kalmyks see as a valid and important form of traditional knowledge.
 

Media items

This collection contains 32 media items.

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Media items

Alexandra Sangadzhieva, How to Determine Quality in People

   10 views

Alexandra says that smart people have a lump on their forehead, whereas skillful people have a lump at the tip of their thumb (‘tuula tong’).

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sat 12 May 2018


Alexandra Sanzheeva, Bans and Bad Omens

   2 views

Alexandra recounts traditional bans, prohibitions and bad omens.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Sun 11 Nov 2018


Bulgun Lapsina, About Signs and Omens

   7 views

A woman should not hold her hands behind the back. During childbirth women should not cry. People should not talk about personal difficulties or complain.
If a black dog whines,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 11 Sep 2018


Danara Ungarlinova, About an Omen Connected with the Ferret

   2 views

Kalmyks believed that ferrets brought death. Therefore, they had to be killed. Between the houses where Danara lived there was a ferret. Before it was killed, a woman died who...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 28 Aug 2018


Ivan Mengleev, About Omens

   5 views

Ivan talks about what to do when one’s tooth falls off and when a chicken screams like a cock.

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 21 Aug 2018


Ivan Mengleev, About Predictions

   2 views


Ivan relays what he heard from old people who prophesized the future.

A time will come when people will be living shorter lives, and Earth will be filled with fire and water....

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 21 Aug 2018


Ksenia Kardonova, Bad Omens and Traditional Bans

   4 views

In this video Ksenia talks about bad omens and traditional bans. This is her story:

There are many bad omens. For example, it is forbidden to pour used oil on the ground; a...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 6 Jun 2018


Maria Erdnieva, About Bad and Good Signs

   21 views

Refrain from leaning against the door of someone’s house, for doing so is no different to sitting on the neck of the head of that household. Both acts are disrespectful. It is...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 8 Aug 2016


Oleg Mandzhiev, About Kalmyk Character

   8 views

A traditional greeting among the Kalmyks includes the phrase “Chi kenya kun?” which means “Which clan do you belong to? Who are your parents and ancestors?” In Kalmyk society...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 10 Oct 2016


Oleg Mandzhiev, About Numerology

   8 views

Oleg believes that numbers possess power. The idea that things could be explained by means of numbers has been known from the times of Euclid and Plato. In Russia, the historian...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 10 Oct 2016


Polina Fedorova, Kalmyk Traditions, Signs and Omens

   13 views

One day a man was having a walk in the steppe. All of a sudden, something fell on his head from the sky. It was a bird's dropping. When the man came home and told his family what...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 7 Jun 2016


Sanal Lidzhiev, Signs and Omens

   26 views

Seeing a hare is a good sign, because your plans will materialize. It is a bad sign to see a fox or a corsac on the road.
It is also a bad sign when children snort.
It is...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 23 Aug 2017


Sangadzhi Kononov, About Dreams

   4 views

The meaning of dreams could be interpreted either by Buddhist monks or by meddg kun (those who know how to do so). Dreams are a means by which the deceased ancestors and deities...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (SIGNS and OMENS)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 23 Dec 2016


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