Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)'s image
Created: 2015-04-13 12:43
Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
Description: Whilst herding satisfied most of the needs of a nomad, hunting in the past served as a source of additional material wealth (furs) and food (meat). It was also entertainment, especially for the rich who retained special personnel including bird attendants (shovuch) and hunting-dog attendants (nokhach). Besides that, hunting was a school of military training through which horsemen honed their skills. Some Kalmyk tribes used wolf hunting as an initiation rite. Hunting with falcons and hawks was especially popular among the nobility. Other methods involved traps, nets, forks, bows and arrows, and later rifles. Small game was usually hunted by individuals in the vicinity of their nomadic camps, whereas larger animals such as saigak antelopes, wolves, wild horses, and boars required groups of hunters who travelled long distances accompanied by their dogs.
 

Media items

This collection contains 22 media items.

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Media items

Badma Ochirova, About Hunting with Dogs

   10 views

Badma says that her father hunted foxes. He had two dogs, called Nast and Shityach. Badma’s uncle on her paternal side also hunted foxes. Her father and her uncle grazed their...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 19 Feb 2016


Gerel Shakeeva, About Eurasian Squirrels

   9 views

The Eurasian squirrel’s meat is used for making soup. These rodents have a thick fat layer. Their fat, however, is not used, although it is known that some Derbets used it in the...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 30 Sep 2016


Gerel Shakeeva, About Foxes

   9 views

Gerel says that she witnessed how people killed a fox. The fox had a lot of fleas in its fur. In order not to damage the skin, one should know how to shoot a fox. Traditionally,...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 30 Sep 2016


Gerel Shakeeva, About Wolves and Saiga Antelopes

   6 views

Gerel tried wolf’s meat before. She describes it as delicious and greasy. Since wolf’s meat has a high insulin content, it is not good to eat it too much. Gerel says that her...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Fri 30 Sep 2016


Konstantin Naktanov, About Hunting

   6 views

Konstantin’s grandfather hunted wolves and foxes by using traps. Konstantin’s father, in contrast, hunted with a rifle. In his youth Konstantin went with his father on hunting...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 8 Jun 2016


Oleg Mandzhiev, About Kalmyk Dogs

   6 views

Oleg says that the Kalmyk breed of dogs disappeared following the deportation of the Kalmyk people in 1943. This breed was trained to protect people and livestock. It had very...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Mon 10 Oct 2016


Roman Lyariev, About Knives

   6 views

Roman demonstrates and explains some of his hunting knives, including:
-A knife made of a soft metal,
-a foldable knife made of a hard metal and with a wooden handle,
-a small...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Roman Lyariev, About Rifles

   6 views

Roman has been hunting for about 17 years. He shows and explains three of his rifles. The first one is a sport rifle, with a 50-meters range, comfortable to hold, has options to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Roman Lyariev, About Wolves

   6 views

Roman says that when wolves arrive the number of foxes and rabbits in that place goes down. Wolves are family oriented, territorial animals. Every family or pack is headed by an...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Roman Lyariev, How to Skin Your Kill

   5 views

Roman explains how to skin a fox. First, one needs to prepare the ground by trampling it. Skinning should be done with a small sharp knife. A freshly killed fox skins easily. Then...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Roman Lyariev, Rabbit and Fox Hunting

   9 views

A rabbit’s trail is called malik. Rabbits try to mix their trails up in order to confuse and keep predators away from their burrows. Rabbits are nocturnal animals. It is easy to...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Roman Lyariev, Wolf Hunting

   10 views

One morning Roman and his brother Alexei went fox hunting. As soon as they left their village they saw wolf trails. It turned out that it belonged to two wolves, a male and a...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Tue 20 Dec 2016


Sanal Lidzhiev, About Hunting

   9 views

In the past, the Kalmyks hunted wolves with whips and on horseback. People did not use rifles and cars, as they do today. Sanal says that he has a friend called Korta who lives in...

Collection: Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Project (HUNTING)

Institution: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology

Created: Wed 2 Aug 2017


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